Now for a successful final certification in the Russian language, it is necessary to have not only theoretical knowledge of the subject, but also the ability to give a detailed answer in the essay genre.
An open type task with a detailed answer is an essay based on the proposed text. It checks the formation of students in individual communication skills:
- analyze the content and issues of the read text;
- comment on the problems of the source text, the position of the author;
express and argue your own opinion;
- consistently and logically express their thoughts;
- use in speech a variety of grammatical forms and lexical richness of the language;
Often, students either retell the text or try to give its full linguistic analysis. In fact, you need to understand the basic idea of the source text, because it is on this that the disclosure of the essay topic depends. The graduate must also agree or disagree with the opinion of the author of the text, cite a number of arguments proving his position.
The text of the essay should have a place to formulate the basic thought of the source text, an analysis explaining the use of these language tools and an explanation of how you understand this.
Stages of writing an essay:
- Carefully read the text proposed for writing the essay.
- Remember what you know about the author.
- Find keywords.
- Record objective keywords by groups.
- Mark with arrows or juxtapose objective keywords.
- Next to the objective write down subjective keywords, referring them to the meaning.
- Find unfamiliar or incomprehensible words and set their meaning.
- Identify the main point of the statement (what is it about?).
- Formulate the problem of the text in the form of a question.
- Sketch the arguments for and / or against the statement.
- Think about what literary techniques you will use to make your essay language more interesting, alive (comparisons, analogies, epithets, etc.).
- Distribute the matched arguments and / or counterarguments in sequence. This will be your conditional plan.
- State your point of view in the sequence you have outlined.
- Formulate a general conclusion of the work and, if necessary, edit it.